Note: Terms in this glossary are selected and defined in the context of the most recent developments in personal career management and learning experiences at Free-Ed.Net.

| A | B | C | D | F | G | I | J | K | LM | OP | R | S | T | V | W |


Apprenticeship A formal relationship between the worker and sponsor that consists of a combination of on-the-job training and related occupation-specific instruction. See On-the-job training
Artifact See Career Artifact
Asset Any tangible or intangible possession that possesses some intrinsic value. See Career Asset
Associate’s degree degree awarded usually for at least 2 years of full-time academic study beyond high school. see Education


Bachelor’s Degree A degree awarded usually for at least 4 years of full-time academic study beyond high school.
Branding In the context of contemporary career development, branding refers to a process of developing a personal career "image" that clearly conveys the essence of an individual and his/her career status and goals. Also known as career branding and personal branding.


Career Artifact A career artifact is a document that verifies an experience. A few examples: high school diploma, letters of commendation from a volunteer organization, photographs, newspaper clippings that point to your achievements, personal website or blog.
Career Asset A career asset is any experiencepaid or unpaid, formal or informalthat adds value to your career portfolio.
Career Portfolio A career portfolio is an organized, up-to-date collection of references and artifacts that verify your claims of personal experiences and achievements that appear on your resume and curriculum  vita. It is assembled in a convenient portable format that can be displayed at employment interviews or meetings with potential clients.
Career Shadowing See Externship
Career Simulator An online virtual world that allows participants to engage in career role-play activities that present and challenge the participant's understanding and skills. Properly executed with organized study groups and workgroups, experiences in career simulators can contribute valuable (and otherwise absent) experience to a career portfolio. Also see Virtual World Experience.
Classroom Lecture Videos Classroom lecture videos feature an instructor in a classroom format. Most CLVs are shot on location in and with minimal editing.  Compare this with tutorial videos where you get the impression the teacher or narrator is talking only to you.
Contributing Scholar A contributing scholar is a responsible, well-educated, and experienced scholar or scientist whose ambition is to make a serious contribution to human understanding and welfare, but without the academic credentials that traditionally required. Integrity and professional ethics distinguishes a  contributing scholar from a crank or overzealous wannabe.
Cramming Cramming is a learning style characterized by attempts to absorb course material in a short period of time and with the sole intention of passing an exam. It is commonly employed in institutional education, in spite of the fact it is an ineffective learning style.
Creatives Portfolio The point of many career pursuits is to create objects or images of a creative nature. This is especially true for the graphic arts, studio art, fashion design, photography, videography, and architecture. In a manner of speaking, the curatives portfolio is your professional "samples case."  More ...


Doctoral Degree A degree awarded usually for at least 3 years of full-time academic work beyond a bachelor’s degree; e.g., lawyers, physicians and surgeons, and dentists
Documentary Video Documentary videos are professionally produced educational videos that are most often intended for television and DVD distribution. Documentary videos present important facts and stir the imagination, ,usually doing more to excite a sense of wonder, creativity, and commitment to learning than offer up a lot of objective facts  More ...
Docututorial Video A docututorial video is an educational video that combines some of the color and excitement of a documentary video with significant amounts of detail that characterizes a tutorial video.


Education A career asset characterized by learning new facts, processes, ideas, and perspectives on one or more topics. Education may be formal, such as a fixed curriculum offered by an accredited school or college. Education may also be informal--self-directed or as a program conceived and executed by a social group.
Experience Any activityformal or informal, paid or non-paid, academic or hands-onthat adds to the value of a career portfolio.
Externship A potentially high-value career asset characterized by spending a short time (typically between three days and two weeks) observing and participating in the activities of a workplace that employs individuals in your chosen career field.  The goal is a deeper appreciation of the day-to-day quality of work in the career field.  Also known as career shadowing.


Formal Education Formal education is an education experience characterized by a syllabus, a fixed curriculum, an on-site teacher or mentor, access to learning materials, most likely a fee or tuition, quizzes and exams, and a formal document of completion.


GED (General Educational Development) A credential signifying the completion of a program that is equivalent to a high school curriculum.
General Educational Development See GED


Homeschooling A learning environment characterized by doing most or all the required study "in the comfort of home." Through its existence in the 20th century, it was assumed the  learners were of primary and secondary school age,  doing the work in order to satisfy state education standards outside conventional schools.  The basic definition applies today, but the demographic of the learners includes adults who find that lifelong learning is a vital  necessity.
Informal Education Literally, informal education refers to learning experiences outside the "walls" of recognized formal education. Until recently, employers and prospective employers tended to ignore any mention of informal education. Today, however, informal education (career homeschooling, for example) has become a recognized career asset. This assumes, of course, there is some credible means for evaluating the outcomes. More...
Internships Potentially high-value career assets that are characterized by work experience as an apprentice. The duration of internships is between several months to a year. Interns ant not usually paid; however, some intern positions  will offer a token "salary."
Iterative Learning Iterative learning is a learning style characterized by repeating the same general sequence of topics, but each time in greater depth and often from different viewpoints.


Job One of the components of career characterized by providing financial income in exchange for time and talent. Usually a necessity and sometimes an option; but always just a component of a broader career portfolio.
Job Shadowing  

Also See: Externships



Knowledge Aggregator One who researches a given topic, evaluates and organizes the information, and finally creates a thorough account and interpretation of the findings.


Learning Resources Learning resources are Items that can provide useful information for learning. They might be as simple as an image or hyperlink, or as complex as an entire e-textbook or 2-semester series of lecture videos.
Lecture Video See Classroom Lecture Video
Learning Journal

"The Learning Journal is where the learner and the subject matter meet in a very intimate and meaningful fashion." [DH] 

A learning journal is a detailed account of learning experiences with a particular course or study program. Effective learning journals are often highly personal and include study notes and observations that anyone else would find confusing ... at best. The cleaned-up version of a learning journal becomes a study summary for your learning portfolio. More ...

Learning Wrapper A  study program or college major that shares essential career assets with many other, often seemingly unrelated, fields of study. Learning, refining, and experiencing the essential skills for Art History, for example, directly apply to something else such as Marketing. In that example, classes in Art History are simply a wrapper for the more general experiences gained by the study.
Lifelong Learning Lifelong learning literally means "learning for a lifetime."  The term originated in the latter half of the 20th century, and generally referred to middle-age and older adults who wanted some "personal enrichment" in their lives. In today's fast-paced and unpredictable working culture, lifelong learning applies to anyone who hopes to build and sustain  a career that promises security and life enrichment to the very end.


Master’s Degree A degree awarded usually for 1 or 2 years of full-time academic study beyond a bachelor’s degree.


On-the-Job Training Training or preparation that is typically needed, once employed in an occupation, to attain competency in the occupation. Training is occupation specific rather than job specific; skills learned can be transferred to another job in the same occupation


Peer Workgroups Groups of three or more people organized for the purpose of completing a learning or research project. Evidence of working in groups that study and solve problems can be a career asset of the highest value.
PowerPoint Presentations PowerPoint are slides created by educators and textbook publishers.  They often represent lecture notes associated with a particular textbook. Sometimes they are stand-alone tutorials. NOTE: PowerPoint (PPT) files are frequently large enough to require relatively long download times.
Preview Textbooks Preview textbooks are textbooks that publishers make available online and free of charge. The purpose is to provide a sample of the book  for review by potential school adopters. More ....


Resources See Learning Resources


Shadowing See Job Shadowing
Skills Skills are procedures, techniques, processes that are learned and refunded  throughout one's career. In today's learning and working environments, skills are tools that are used for constructing shaping broader career assets. Skills are not (as they were through the 20th century) the primary goal of education and the lone asset in a career portfolio.


Task Force A task force is workgroup that is formed to complete a well-defined task and is dissolved when the task is completed. In the context of career building, final reports about the project and letters of confirmation from task-force principals can be valuable assents in a career portfolio. More...
Textbook Companion Website Textbook publishers create websites to support the content of their more popular products. Originally intended solely for students who have purchased the textbook, the publishers have found there is marketing potential in opening the sites for  public use. More ...
Topical Tutorial A topical tutorial is relatively short reading resource that deals with a single, narrow topic. Topical tutorials are usually complete, stable chapters from a leading textbook. NOTE: Topical tutorials are often PDF files. Some of these files can be rather large, thus requiring relatively long download times.
Tutorial Video A tutorial video is a type of teaching video that uses a one-on-one formatone narrator addressing the camera. By contrast, a classroom lecture video shows a teacher addressing any number of students in a classroom setting. More ...


Verifiable Career Asset The value of a career asset rests upon your ability to verify the experience.
Virtual Reality See Virtual World
Virtual World A virtual world is an online 3D digital world that is capable of supporting large numbers of independent avatars and offers opportunities for social interaction, exploration, inventiveness, and financial opportunity. The preferred virtual world for Free-Ed.Net is Second Life®.
Virtual World Experience 3D virtual worlds, such as Second Life®, offer unprecedented opportunities for social interaction and professional engagement. Although the environment is "virtual," the experiences are very real ... and can be developed into very significant career assets. Also see Career  Simulator.


Web 2.0 Web 2.0 describe web sites that use technology beyond the static pages of earlier web sites. Although web 2.0 suggests a new version of the World Wide Web, it does not refer to an update to any technical specification, but rather to cumulative changes in the ways software developers and end-users use the Web. -- Adapted from Wikipedia
Workgroup Two or more individuals who work together to achieve a common goal.  The achievements of a properly organized workgroup can serve as verifiable career experience.
Wrapper See Learning Wrapper